The use of the conditional type zero in English (EFL/ESL Grammar: rules, use and practice)
Use of conditional zero
Conditional zero is used when the result will always happen. So, if water reaches 100 degrees, it always boils. It’s a scientific fact.
It is also used to describe situations which are always true, give advices and instructions.
- You can replace the “if” in this conditional with “when” without changing the meaning.
- The ‘if’ in this conditional can usually be replaced by ‘when’ without changing the meaning.
The form of conditional zero
|(if + present simple, … subject + present simple)|
conditional type 0 sentences have two clauses. The if-clause begins with if. The second clause is the result clause. Result clause If-clause.
If you do an English course (this is the “if” clause), you improve your English (this is the result clause).
The result clause can go in front of the if-clause. In this case, no comma is necessary.
You improve your English if you do an English course.
- If you eat too much, you get fat.
- If you put your hand on fire, you get
- If people are hungry, they eat.
- When spring comes, the flowers bloom.
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